THE SECRET’S OF CLOVE: CHEMICAL FOCUS

1 Posted by - September 7, 2016 - Oil Science

SecretsofCloveChemicalFocusSM

Easily identified by its warm and woodsy scent, clove essential oil is composed of more than 20 constituents, though the two most active constituents, eugenol and beta-caryphyllene, make up over 94% of its composition [1]. They are also largely responsible for the numerous health benefits clove essential oil offers users. Here’s a quick look at just a few of the top benefits.

Eugenol  

Studies show that eugenol can protect the liver against injury and disease, particularly in individuals who are predisposed to liver cirrhosis [2]. Researchers determined that it is able to do this by reversing cellular oxidation and inflammation, as well as inhibiting the proliferation of hepatic cancer cells and lowering high levels of alkaline phosphatase, which becomes increased when liver cells are damaged.

In addition, multiple studies have found that eugenol has anti-inflammatory, anesthetic, analgesic, and antipyretic properties [3]. As a result, it can be beneficial for a variety of conditions, including osteoarthritis and toothaches. In fact, a 2006 study published in the Journal of Dentistry reported that clove essential oil has the same numbing effect as benzocaine, a topical medication applied to the gums before needle insertion.

On a final note, eugenol has antiseptic properties, which means that it is an effective germ killer [4]. This, and the pain relieving benefits, it provides are why it may be applied before dental surgery.

Beta-caryophyllene (BCP)

In addition to having analgesic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties, BCP also has antidepressant properties. In a 2014 study, researchers found that BCP can relieve the symptoms of depression and anxiety, though they are still exploring exactly how it does this [5].

In a separate study conducted in 2014, BCP was found to have anti-cancer properties that allows it to help stimulate the process of apoptosis and suppress the growth of tumors [6].


References:

[1] http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf060608c

[2] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4285960/

[3] http://www.stmconnect.com/sites/default/files/20131023205704.pdf

[4] http://www.fst.ac.ma/mjb/vol1/Iss1/Arts/Art3.pdf

[5] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24930711

[6] http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24370994

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